European countries – and especially France, Spain, Italy, Italy, Austria and Greece – have experienced a significant increase in migrants in recent years, due to factors such as conflict, poverty and climate change. In turn, agriculture plays a crucial role in these economies, but faces challenges such as rural depopulation and a lack of skilled labour for agricultural work. The social and labour integration of migrants emerges as an opportunity to establish populations in rural areas and generate employment within multicultural agricultural teams. However, many migrants face extreme vulnerability and exploitation in rural and agricultural areas, with labour rights violations, lack of social protection and exposure to violence being the main problems affecting them, especially women.
The MILIMAT project was created to provide training in communication and multicultural team management to small and medium-sized farms, as well as to provide immigrant workers with information on their rights, promoting greater social integration.